What is web development

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The term web development has several interpretations depending on the company you work for. In a general sense, it represents any activity related to the development of a website for the Internet, the World Wide Web or an intranet. More specifically, you might say it includes any work that involves developing applications that communicate over some form of network and that might be through some client machine, for example. Web browser, mobile device browser, etc. This work includes web design, content management, client-server communication, hardware and software configuration, and database management.

However, the term is generally taken among professionals to mean the non-design-related aspects of work. Writing the code that exposes the site and any scripting and/or programming work that may support enterprise-wide applications and services. In large companies and organizations, a web development team may consist of hundreds of people and is usually a collaborative effort between departments rather than a specific departmental area. For enterprise level application development, there is usually at least:

  • web designer
  • Web developer
  • database administrator
  • Hosting/Network Support Technician

There is often an overlap in the skill set and in small businesses one person may perform all of these tasks to some degree. The web development industry has been one of the fastest growing industries in the last decade as companies begin to appreciate the advantages that the World Wide Web can offer, such as: reaching a larger audience, automating business processes, and enhancing/developing awareness of their brand and services. In the United States alone there are more than 30,000 companies actively involved in a portion of the web development industry. The growth in the industry was driven by several other factors:

  • Reduce the costs of web hosting and related services and increase the number of companies providing these services
  • An increase in the number of people skilled in technologies related to web development
  • Improvements in tools and services that help automate the development process. For example, the development of blogging tools like WordPress has exploded the amount of information people add to the World Wide Web due to the ease of creating and updating a blogging site.

Web development skills can generally be divided into the following groups of skills/techniques. Note: These lists are by no means exhaustive but include some of the most common techniques. From the client side:

  • HTML / XHTML
  • CSS
  • JavaScript
  • Ajax, Jason
  • Flash, Flex, ActionScript
  • Microsoft Silverlight

Server-side programming techniques and frameworks:

  • ASP
  • PHP
  • Cold Fusion
  • CGI / Perl
  • Python
  • ruby
  • Wonderful
  • JSP, Java, J2EE
  • .Clear
  • Lotus Domino
  • struts
  • The autumn
  • web ambassador
  • apache har
  • veteran
  • ant
  • cocoon

database technologies

  • MySQL
  • inspiration
  • database server
  • my derby
  • DB2
  • PostgresSQL

Management

In addition to a large number of the techniques mentioned above, there are less realistic components of web development which are generally related to project management:

  • agile methodologies A relatively recent addition to development practices, this is an approach to development that takes place in regular cycles, or ‘sprints’. The idea is that the development lifecycle can respond faster to the ever-changing requirements of the project imposed by, for example, businesses. scrum
  • Unified Modeling Language (UML) A markup or modeling language to describe software systems

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