While creating a new website, developers have to focus on front end and back end development. The front end of the application indicates the code that is visible to the visitors of the site. Front-end code usually creates interfaces through which the application interacts with users. On the other hand, backend code interacts with the server, providing content or data to be displayed to the users. So the backend code handles the application as well as the web server and database. The combination of application, server, and database makes backend coding complex and important.
Why should developers pay more attention to back-end web development?
Facilitates the exchange of information
As mentioned earlier, the backend consists of three main components of a website i.e. application, web server and database. While accessing the user interface of the website, each user is required to provide their login ID and password. The login ID and password provided by the user are validated by the backend. Likewise, any information provided by the user is stored in databases through backend code. Also, the backend retrieves information from the database, and sends the information to the user interface for presentation to the user. Hence, the backend of the website acts as a structure and facilitates the exchange of information.
Works in different environments
Nowadays, companies publish websites and web applications in a number of environments. For example, some organizations prefer to run websites on web servers, while others publish web applications in the cloud. At the same time, many companies even combine the two hosting options to take advantage of benefits like improved performance and scalability. Web server setup varies from network to network. Also, programmers often distribute the workload on the server side across multiple machines. Different hosting environments make it necessary for developers to customize the backend of websites.
Contains application logic
Most programmers nowadays keep the user interface and application logic of a website separately to simplify its development and maintenance. In addition to including the scope and infrastructure components of the application, the application logic also performs the routine data processing required by each company. The backend of a website has its own application logic. Thus, developers should focus on back-end web development to seamlessly switch from one front-end to another, and make multiple user interfaces access the same application logic.
Adds a utility for each front-end function
While developing a website, programmers are required to write backend code to add a utility to each of the front end functionality. For example, they have to write code using a server-side programming language to add functionality to a user login form. Every time a user enters their login credentials, the backend code will collect the values and compare them with the login data stored in the databases. Similarly, backend code also adds functionality to various forms, profiles, and accounts. Thus, no site can function without high-quality back-end code.
Affects the user experience of the site
The ease of use and experience of a website affects its popularity in the long run. As mentioned earlier, all the tasks required to create the functionality of the website are performed in the background. So the user experience that the website offers will be affected by the quality of the code backend. Any back-end code issues can lead to website crashing frequently, website running slow, and similar performance issues. At the same time, minor flaws in back-end code can make a website vulnerable to malware and security attacks. It is important for developers to focus on the quality and structure of the backend code to make the website offer a richer user experience without any interruption.
It is also important for developers to enable the backend network development By choosing the right programming language and framework. Since they have the option to choose from several server-side programming languages, programmers must choose the one that meets all the needs of the project. Likewise, they also need to choose the appropriate web development framework and tools according to the specific programming language on the server side.